Blog

Aircraft noise and hypertension…… How much information will it take?

Original Article

Hypertension Research (2008) 31, 641–647; doi:10.1291/hypres.31.641

The Effects of Chronic Exposure to Aircraft Noise on the Prevalence of Hypertensionimage

Moo-Yong Rhee1, Hae-Young Kim2, Sang-Chul Roh3, Hyun-Joo Kim3 and Ho-Jang Kwon4

1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea
2Craniomaxillofacial Life Science 21, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea
4Department of Preventive Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea
Correspondence: Moo-Yong Rhee, M.D., Ph.D., Cardiovascular Center, Dongguk University International Hospital, 814 Siksa-dong, Ilsan-donggu, Goyang, Gyeonggi 410-773, Korea. E-mail: rheemy@dongguk.ac.kr

Received 23 August 2007; Accepted 31 October 2007.

Top of page
Abstract
Exposure to environmental noise has been suggested to increase the prevalence of hypertension. The present study investigated whether or not chronic exposure to military aircraft noise is related to an increased prevalence of hypertension. The study population consisted of 137 subjects (mean age 60±14 years) who lived within 5 km of a helicopter airbase and 486 subjects (58±16 years) living within 5 km of a fighter-jet airbase. A control group consisted of 252 subjects (58±16 years) not exposed to aircraft noise. Overall, the subjects exposed to military aircraft noise had a higher prevalence of hypertension than those in the control group (p=0.037). However, whereas those exposed to helicopter noise had a higher prevalence than the control group (p=0.020), those exposed to fighter-jet noise did not (p=0.094). The prevalence of known hypertension in the helicopter group was higher than in the control group (p=0.024). The prevalence odds ratio for hypertension adjusted for age, gender, body mass index, current smoking, alcohol intake, diabetes, and regular exercise was 1.62 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.02–2.59) for the subjects exposed to helicopter noise, and 1.23 (95% CI, 0.87–1.74) for those exposed to fighter-jet noise. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that chronic exposure to military aircraft noise may be associated with hypertension. The difference in the effects between helicopter and fighter-jet noise implies that different kinds of noise will have different influences on the prevalence of hypertension.

Keywords: hypertension, aircraft noise, military aircraft
Top of page
References
Morrell S, Taylor R, Lyle D: A review of health effects of aircraft noise. Aust N Z J Public Health 1997; 21: 221–236. | Article | PubMed | ChemPort |
Willich SN, Wegscheider K, Stallmann M, Keil T: Noise burden and the risk of myocardial infarction. Eur Heart J 2006; 27: 276–282. | Article | PubMed |
Babisch W, Beule B, Schust M, Kersten N, Ising H: Traffic noise and risk of myocardial infarction. Epidemiology 2005; 16: 33–40. | Article | PubMed |
Bluhm G, Berglind N, Nordling E, Rosenlund M: Road traffic noise and hypertension. Occup Environ Med 2007; 64: 122–126. | Article | PubMed |
Powazka EE: A cross-sectional study of occupational noise exposure and blood pressure in steelworkers. Noise Health 2003; 5: 15–22. | PubMed |
Fogari R, Zoppi A, Vanasia A, Marasi G, Villa G: Occupational noise exposure and blood pressure. J Hypertens 1994; 12: 475–479. | Article | PubMed | ChemPort |
Hessel PA, Sluis-Cremer GK: Occupational noise exposure and blood pressure: longitudinal and cross-sectional observations in a group of underground miners. Arch Environ Health 1994; 49: 128–134. | PubMed | ChemPort |
Knipschild P: Medical effects of aircraft noise: community cardiovascular survey. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 1977; 40: 185–190. | Article | PubMed | ChemPort |
Rosenlund M, Berglind N, Pershagen G, Jarup L, Bluhm G: Increased prevalence of hypertension in a population exposed to aircraft noise. Occup Environ Med 2001; 58: 769–773. | Article | PubMed | ChemPort |
Franssen EA, van Wiechen CM, Nagelkerke NJ, Lebret E: Aircraft noise around a large international airport and its impact on general health and medication use. Occup Environ Med 2004; 61: 405–413. | Article | PubMed | ChemPort |
van Kempen EE, Kruize H, Boshuizen HC, Ameling CB, Staatsen BA, de Hollander AE: The association between noise exposure and blood pressure and ischemic heart disease: a meta-analysis. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110: 307–317. | PubMed |
Matsui T, Uehara T, Miyakita T, Hitamatsu K, Osada Y, Yamamoto Y: The Okinawa study: effects of chronic aircraft noise on blood pressure and some other physiological indices. J Sound Vib 2004; 277: 469–470. | Article |
Pulles MPJ, Biesiot W, Stewart R: Adverse effects of environmental noise on health: an interdisciplinary approach. Environ Int 1990; 16: 437–445. | Article |
American Diabetes Association: Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 2006; 29 (Suppl 1): S43–S48. | ISI |
El Assaad MA, Topouchian JA, Darne BM, Asmar RG: Validation of the Omron HEM-907 device for blood pressure measurement. Blood Press Monit 2002; 7: 237–241. | Article | PubMed |
Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al, Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee: Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension 2003; 42: 1206–1252. | Article | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
Babisch W: The noise/stress concept, risk assessment and research needs. Noise Health 2002; 4: 1–11. | PubMed |
Fogari R, Zoppi A, Vanasia A, Marasi G, Villa G: Occupational noise exposure and blood pressure. J Hypertens 1994; 12: 475–479. | Article | PubMed | ChemPort |
Burt VL, Whelton P, Roccella EJ, et al: Prevalence of hypertension in the US adult population. Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1991. Hypertension 1995; 25: 305–313. | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
Franklin SS, Gustin W 4th, Wong ND, et al: Hemodynamic patterns of age-related changes in blood pressure. The Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 1997; 96: 308–315. | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
Babisch W, Beule B, Schust M, Kersten N, Ising H: Traffic noise and risk of myocardial infarction. Epidemiology 2005; 16: 33–40. | Article | PubMed |
Choi KM, Park HS, Han JH, et al: Prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in a Korean population: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001. J Hypertens 2006; 24: 1515–1521. | Article | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
Jo I, Ahn Y, Lee J, Shin KR, Lee HK, Shin C: Prevalence, awareness, treatment, control and risk factors of hypertension in Korea: the Ansan study. J Hypertens 2001; 19: 1523–1532. | Article | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
MORE ARTICLES LIKE THIS

These links to content published by NPG are automatically generated.
RESEARCH
Frontal Glucose Hypometabolism in Abstinent Methamphetamine Users
Neuropsychopharmacology Original Article

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts

Another silent week!

Naval Air Station Whidbey Island NEWS Mike Welding Public Affairs Officer (360) 257-2286...